The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was released by ex Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2008 with the objective of achieving sustainable development in a way that it aids in combating climate change. It identified eight missions to be implemented under the plan on issues of clean energy production, energy efficiency, sustainable habitat and agriculture, Himalayan ecosystem preservation, conserving water resources, afforestation and knowledge management on climate change. To integrate the plan further at the state level, the Ministry of Environment and Forests directed state governments to prepare a State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in line with the NAPCC. Madhya Pradesh, through its State Knowledge Management Centre on Climate Change (SKMCCC) managed by EPCO, has developed an ambitious and comprehensive SAPCC covering sectors of forest, agriculture and allied, water, livestock and fisheries, health sector, urban administration and transport, energy efficiency and renewable energy, industries, panchayat and rural development and environment.

Questions for discussions:

     ·Is there a need for greater public and stakeholder awareness and capacity building for generating public goodwill for effective implementation              of SAPCC?

     ·What should be the partner engagement (outside Government) strategy for implementation of SAPCC?

     ·How can the MP Government raise financial resources for implementing the plan in a timely manner? Is it possible to demand for a separate                    budgetary allocation for the implementation of SAPCC?

Without any need for debate/discussions, beyond doubt it is known that environment pollution has a definite impact on climate change. In India for Electrical energy needs we depend mostly on coal based thermal power plants and will go on depending in coming next many years because of its commercial feasibility . We need to promote use of alternate sources of energy not on papers but should make out a workable road map, practically achievable action plan and an implementable mile stones to ensure fruit of visible gains in targeted schedules. Schools, police stations & echo tourism motels/hotels can be targeted as first step being object of high potential from the point of view of energy savings and ease of implementation.

Thanks for your stimulating views on addressing climate change concerns, particularly in Madhya Pradesh. I am sure that as we go along, we will get more responses and questions from people. From these discussions, we are also looking at feeding into the state-level discourse on climate change and how we, the people, can make a difference.

I totally agree with your views on making a workable road map on promoting alternative sources of energy. I would like to add here that because people look upon the government for direction and implementation, the best place for a practical and workable demonstration of the use of alternative energy would be the government buildings.

At the same time, I would also like to say that even big companies and institutions can begin to use alternative energy sources in their premises.

But how do we make this happen? Does the government bring about a law for increasing the use of alternative energy sources (solar energy), which we have in abundance? Or do we find another way to do this. I would be keen to have your views on this.


Climate change has emerged as one of the most defining issues of the twenty-first century. Admittedly, it is an extremely broad concept which encompasses a wide spectrum of negative, human-induced effects on the world's environment. The current understanding of climate change tends to be limited to a few catch-phrases such as 'global warming' and 'carbon emission'. Increased warming of the earth's atmosphere due to industrial carbon emission is, however, just one aspect of the much larger process of climate change. Currently, the main focus regarding climate change is limited almost exclusively to the cause and effect of global warming. In order to move away from these labels, non-government organisations (NGOs) should take on the initiative of revealing the truth about the ongoing climate change debate.
Climate is changing for the worse. This is a real problem that needs concrete solutions. The devastating effects of climate change are ostensible in day-to-day life and they have the potential to alter the destiny of mankind. Helping tackle the problem is a responsibility we all share globally. And that's why the role of non-state actors like NGOs in bridging the gap between policy-makers and public is so crucial in combating climate change.
MP Government is doing great job to overcome the climate change problem. And for creating awareness amongst public there should be separate budget because now climate change need greater concern.

Great to see that the Government of Madhya Pradesh has launched a discussion forum on a difficult topic like climate change. I hope that there is wide participation in the discussion forum and people from all walks of life contribute here. Unless people participate and share their views on not just climate change but also environment, rising air pollution, the cutting down of forests, filth in our holy rivers and the degradation of soil, there will be no meaningful and long-lasting action by the government.

At the same time, it is good to know that the country is taking the threat of climate change seriously and MP, which is so rich in natural resources, has taken the lead in researching and launching the state action plan on climate change. However, the country, and its resource-rich states, will pass the real test on tackling climate change only when they begin to start clearing up the enormous environmental mess that already exists across the country. For this to happen, the governments will have to listen to their people and also begin to initiate environment clean-ups.

Seriousness on climate change will also mean that the governments reduce their blind pursuit of development and instead make a balance between equity, ecology and growth. In other words it means, a balance between people, environment and development. Hopefully, in this regard, a discussion forum such as this will come in useful and act as a bridge between the people and the government.

Thank you for taking part in the discussion forum.

Indeed, Madhya Pradesh government has exhibited its seriousness towards the threat of Climate Change through several initiatives. Establishing a Climate Change Cell in the state is an important step that state has taken up in this course along with other drives and initiatives. The portal is instrumental in initiating the dialogues on issues related to climate change, it has key experts talking about and sharing their expert knowledge on climate change.

Your statement holds true, but i would also like to add here that as government should address the existing issues and complexities, it should also factor in the risks brought about by climate change along with incorporating preventive measures and guidelines for future projects, establishments, guidelines for industrial sectors etc. EPCO has launched a series a of Climate Change Fitness Checklist for various sectors, which aims to build capacity of the policy makers and assist them in drafting projects. Similar sensitivity needs to be built at all the levels for a collaborative effort against climate change.

Yes, there is a need for greater public and stakeholder awareness and capacity building for generating public goodwill for effective implementation of SAPCC. I think most of the times the general public is unaware of situations which leads to miscommunication between the public and government. For any cause, clarity is the most important ingredient. Though the general public knows about climate change but in order to provide them with more intensive knowledge, the government of Madhya Pradesh should come up with awareness campaigns and mitigation and adaptation capacity building sessions for the most vulnerable sections of the state. The government should also conduct awareness programmes in the educational institutions of the state for the youth of the region.

Thank you contributing to the discussion forum. For better implementation of SAPCC, indeed active participation by various stakeholders is critical. On a policy level, Government of India has mandated all the states to prepare their State Action Plans on Climate Change. Every SAPCC needs to be directed by NAPCC (National Action Plan on Climate Change). A lot of states have already submitted their action plans.For the development of the same, the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has asked various organisations to support different states. A lot of liasoning and stakeholder engagement is happening at this level. Indeed when such an action plan is launched, it is widely covered by media and requires detailed outreach of the same for better understanding by the common man. Madhya Pradesh government has launched this portal with the sole aim of spreading awareness about climate change and its threats, active engagement of all the stakeholders at one common platform. SAPCC along with other important knowledge documents on climate change issued by Government organisations and institutes form the rich database of the portal. The documents are available to all. 

First of all, I am delighted to see that Madhya Pradesh has taken the initiative in the fight against climate change. I am resident of Madhya Pradesh and have observed the changes in the weather in last few years which shows that climate change in indeed real and action has to be taken. I would also like to highlight the importance of bringing in traditional knowledge in to the SAPCC framework.Traditional knowledge has been there since a long time and has changed with the changing times. One thing which makes traditional knowledge important in the fight against climate change is that it involves sustainable practices. With traditional knowledge and practices, climate proofing of important agricultural practices and fishing techniques would be possible which would beneficial for the rural poor.

One partner strategy for implementation of SAPCC would be to use social media as the stimulus for more active participation. For any initiative, I feel participation is the key. More the participation more will be the impact.Popular distribution channels like the internet, radio, newspaper should be used so that people realize what the SAPCC is and what it is going to be addressed and how it can help people cope better from the impacts of climate change.This approach will help in dissemination of awareness among multiple stakeholders such as the youth, people from the civil society, scholars, farmers etc.

SAPCCs is a good beginning point for all the states in acknowledging and preparing the strategies to tackle climate change and its effects.What is left to see, is its effective implementation. But we must appreciate the state governments efforts in this arena.

Climate Change policies are also affected by the mindset of the people. Policies framed to deal with climate change are likely to have a robust impact; if they are framed in the indigenous language. Undoubtedly, people would be more responsive if the language is comprehensible. This should be duly considered by the epistemic communities, government and all policy makers.Indigenous language coupled with indigenous capacity would result in a framework that would be inclusive of all needs and actions. MP pioneers to be the first state in India has proven that it has the capacity to fabricate need based policy and I am sure with a long term appraisal it would add more elements that would make it more coherent.Climate Change policies are also affected by the mindset of the people. Policies framed to deal with climate change are likely to have a robust impact; if they are framed in the indigenous language.Undoubtedly, people would be more responsive if the language is comprehensible. This should be duly considered by the epistemic communities, government and all policy makers. Indigenous language coupled with indigenous capacity would result in a framework that would be inclusive of all needs and actions.MP pioneers to be the first state in India has proven that it has the capacity to fabricate need based policy and I am sure with a long term appraisal it would add more elements that would make it more coherent.

Nice to hear that some discussions are taking place on a government portal on a series of very important topics. Any discussion or debate plays a vital part in the implementation and further betterment of policies. Government makes schemes on several topics, but the negligent participation of people,  incorrect information and the lack of reach make the policies inefficient and the target population in thus not benifitted. As most of the Indian are still far away from the reach of social networking sites, the government should indulge artisans who can dissemminate the informations and indulge people in the disussions, through their art like dramas, songs, plays and paintings in their traditional ways and local languages. Adding to it, exhibitions should also be done simultaneously in rural and sub-urban areas, so that the policies reach directly to the target people and effective discussions can take place. Regarding the climate change and its degdration, there is one very important point that I would like to add here is, before drafting a policy consent should be taken from the affected people who are directly facing the effect of environment degradation.Policies need to drafted keeping in mind of the benificiaries and should have a bottom to top approach, then only these discussions can have fruitful results.     

Thank you, for participation. It has been a common opinion that SAPCC is a great effort and a beginning point, and requires greater penetration to various stakeholders, which is very critical for its successful implementation. All states are to make their state action plans which only formulates the activities and thus strengthens the base of their activities. Madhya Pradesh SAPCC is made available  through this key portal, which integrates it with various other key documents and resources, thus making it easier of the general public to find or read about these policies/ initiatives. 

Regarding the current environmental status of India, I feel it is still not very effective. Recently, an article written by Sunita Narain of Down to Earth about the need for revision in India's climate strategy echoes my personal opinion. The hypocrisy of the developed nations against the poor and developing nations is outrageous.The framework of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities is being changed at the will of the developed nations. This was pretty evident in the recent COP in Lima. China has proved to be an opportunist by signing a deal with the US which has released a lot of pressure that was there on them. I wonder how the environment will be saved when the developed countries are trying to run away from their responsibilities.

The SAPCC of Madhya Pradesh has done a commendable job by their multi-sectoral approach. Climate change is not going to affect a particular region but it is going to pan out and affect everyone. This enables stakeholders from different areas to come together and work in a cohesive manner. This will lead to generation of multiple innovative approaches and inter-connected solutions. Hence, there is a greater need for greater public and stakeholder awareness and capacity building for generating public goodwill for effective implementation of SAPCC. The state officials have already done their job now the stakeholders and the public has to gear up to help out the state.

While a lot of people  realize the gravity of the perpetuating impact of Climate Change on Shifting of seasons and rising temperatures, there seems to be less awareness about the possible methods to control.  SAPCC in its strategy could also involve private stakeholders and organisations who have taken up initiatives in relation to the the state plan.The existing laws on conservation and development should be amended in a manner to reach the desired goal of sustainable development. For the success of any endeavor , active participation is necessary which can be achieved by interacting on a personal level. Awareness can also be spread by organizing workshops targeting stakeholders from all walks of life.

Happy to hear, that the Madhya Pradesh Government has pioneered the fight against climate change.  Madhya Pradesh is endowed with natural resources especially fossil fuel. Thus, the state has always faced the problem of choice- forests or coal mining. The issue of forests and climate change has particularly affected those communities which are directly dependent on forests for their livelihood.Capacity building would be core to climate change mitigation. Awareness generation among stakeholders and training are crucial. Special emphasis on training of the vulnerable groups such as tribal communities and women should be specially taken care of.  This will help the state counter the effects of climate change more efficiently. 

An important aspect of human induced climate change is that of human-wildlife conflict. Though the SAPCC has covered forestry, but not much has been written on human-wildlife conflict. The policy makers should put more emphasis on that. Human-wildlife conflict is a crucial issue which is affecting the ecological balance beyond repairable limit. There are no concrete policies or laws addressing this issue.   

One way of spreading more awareness about SAPCCs work can be done by conduction state level exhibitions and workshops. This would enable stakeholders to come under one roof and exchange ideas which can be inculcated in the SAPCC. These workshops can also lead the way in showing how sustainable practices can be profitable and at the same time won’t further degrade the environment. Specialists from the field of sustainable development should be brought in to demonstrate sustainable practices and provide advice to the stakeholders.

I feel that there is a need to percolate down the findings, plans, activities to people at the base of the pyramid. This can be done through demonstrations and awareness programmes which can be spread through street theatre or songs in the local dialect so as to better inform the public about what the SAPCC is trying to do. Also the SAPCC should also be translated into local dialects.

Madhya Pradesh needs to lead the way in terms of developing the framework in the fight against climate change. Other states should follow Madhya Pradesh's efforts

The solar energy pricing  is changing fast. It is soon going to be viable to go for solar pumping and this is going to impact the groundwater situation, in most districts across the state. The grid power may turn out to be costlier in real terms soon. Reneawable energy may becoem a maladapatation considering the energy-agricualture nexus.  I think we need to consider such issues of maladaptations caused by changing procie structture. 

                                                                                   (This comment has been posted on behalf on D.V. Rangnekar)
Dear all,
This is Datta Rangnekar from Ahmedabad. 
Very pleased to see this initiative - belated compliments to EPCO and SKMCCC. My response is delayed due to touring, however, I have read the useful contributions with interest and these encouraged me to convey my views which will be related to rural families in view of my long term involvement involvement in Rural Livelihood Development programmes. I will state my views briefly.
I have learnt that most farmers (involved in mixed farming) are aware that 'Climate is Changing' as they have been experiencing this since decades and facing problems (particularly those from rain-fed areas). However, they are not well aware of possibilities of 'Adaptation' to climate change and way of maintaining productivity and also about the ways they can contribute to 'Mitigation'. The need is to select appropriate messages and use communication technologies/approaches to create awareness and disseminate information about 'well tried approaches' for crop-livestock production to sustain productivity in the face of climate change and introduce production systems that are environment friendly. However, in my view many of the traditional practices were environment friendly and if only we would have tried to improve upon those (rather than discarding) we may have come up with a better system. 
Equally important is to sensitise policy makers and planners of crop - livestock development to ensure that the development programmes are environment friendly and contribute to mitigation of climate change and this is where EPCO and SKMCC come into picture. EPCO should also monitor adoption of environment friendly approach in the planing process and this is not easy in view of 'Market Pull and Technological Push' for crop-livestock production.
Let us hope that continued interaction between stake holders will create desired effect in near future.
D.V. Rangnekar