Important Terms & Definitions

So, this was about the possible ways of dealing with climate change. Now we will learn some basic terms and definitive words used in the discussion of climate change. When we study any subject we always come across with some terms and definitions. Similar is the case with climate change and global warming. Therefore, here are some important terms we need to understand:

Adaptive Capacity
The ability of a system to adjust to climate change (including climate variability and extremes) to moderate potential damages, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences.

Aerosols
Small particles or liquid droplets in the atmosphere that can absorb or reflect sunlight depending on their composition.

Afforestation
Planting of new forests on lands that historically have not contained forests.

Alternative Energy
Energy derived from non-traditional sources (e.g., compressed natural gas, solar, hydroelectric, wind).

Atmosphere
The gaseous envelope surrounding the Earth. The dry atmosphere consists almost entirely of nitrogen, oxygen, argon, helium, carbon dioxide, ozone. In addition, the atmosphere contains water vapour, clouds and aerosols.  

Biofuels
Gas or liquid fuel made from plant material (biomass).  Includes wood, wood waste, fish oils, ethanol blended into motor gasoline.

Biomass
Materials that is biological in origin, including organic material (both living and dead) from above and below ground, for example, trees, crops, grasses, tree litter, roots, and animals and animal waste.

Biosphere
The part of the Earth system comprising all ecosystems and living organisms, in the atmosphere, on land (terrestrial biosphere) or in the oceans (marine biosphere), including derived dead organic matter, such as litter, soil organic matter and oceanic detritus.

published date:September 15, 2014
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