Project Report- Assessment of Energy Status & Opportunities for the Use of Renewable Energy in Forest Villages of Madhya Pradesh: Enabling a Paradigm Shift in Carbon Balance
Access to energy is an essential constituent for overall social and economic development. Globally, 1.3 billion people are without any access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities and majority of them reside in developing countries. In a developing country like India, about 68.8% of its total population resides in rural areas. As per census 2011, out of the total rural households in the country, 62.5% depend on fuel wood for cooking followed by crop reside (12.3%) and LPG (11.4%). For lighting, 55.3% of households in rural areas have access to electricity followed by Kerosene (43.2%). Consumption of traditional biomass for daily fuel needs is detrimental to health and safety especially for women and children who cook and collect the traditional fuels. Moreover, extensive use of fossil fuels leads to forest degradation, increased green house gas emissions resulting in climate changeIn this regard, renewable energy is preferred to limit forest degradation and climate change, to contribute in social and economic development, to increase energy access, to secure energy supply and reduce negative impacts on the environment and health. Thus in this background a study was carried out in the forest villages of Madhya Pradesh with the following objectives:
- To analyze the current demand and supply of energy in forest villages of Madhya Pradesh.
- To assess the various feasible sources of alternate energy
- To develop Institutional framework for implementation of Renewable Energy Technology (RET) for forest fringe villages.