Energy and Renewable Energy
Madhya Pradesh is a fast developing state and thus there is tremendous need for energy. About 58% of the energy generated in the State is from thermal sources and only 42% from renewable sources. The main source of renewable energy in the State is hydroelectricity, though there is huge potential for other renewable energy generation. Total installed capacity of renewable energy is still 2.5% of the total installed capacity. The State‘s contribution to total power generation, at present, is 4537.92 MW. In the Annual Plan 2009-10, the state aims to get rid of the power shortage by setting up new power generation projects to meet the ever increasing power demand, expand and strengthen transmission system. Plant Load Factors (PLF) is serious concerns for the Thermal power plants in Madhya Pradesh because they are ageing plants with old technology. Poor quality of coal and lack of sufficient funds to upgrade the plant adds to the problems. Existing T & D losses and demand for more energy in every sector increases the GHG emissions from energy sector. The focus should be on improving the technologies and to move towards energy efficiency.
- Enhance efficiency in generation of power
- Exploration and feasibility assessment of new technologies using conventional fuel
- Structure green tariff for incentivising the production of clean energy
- Improve DSM in street lighting, public buildings and water pumping
- Improved mechanism for use of energy efficient pumps for irrigation
- Campaign for implementation of ECBC Codes
- Explore and tap the potential that exist in CDM domain
Project Report- Assessment of Energy Status and Opportunities for the Use of Renewable Energy in Forest Villages of Madhya Pradesh: Enabling a Paradigm Shift in Carbon Balance
Access to energy is an essential constituent for overall social and economic development. Globally, 1.3 billion people are without any access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities and majority of them reside in developing countries. In a developing country like India, about 68.8% of its total population resides in rural areas. As per census 2011, out of the total rural households in the country, 62.5% depend on fuel wood for cooking followed by crop reside (12.3%) and LPG (11.4%). For lighting, 55.3% of households in rural areas have access to electricity followed by Kerosene (43.2%). Consumption of traditional biomass for daily fuel needs is detrimental to health and safety especially for women and children who cook and collect the traditional fuels. Moreover, extensive use of fossil fuels leads to forest degradation, increased green house gas emissions resulting in climate change
In this regard, renewable energy is preferred to limit forest degradation and climate change, to contribute in social and economic development, to increase energy access, to secure energy supply and reduce negative impacts on the environment and health. Thus in this background a study was carried out in the forest villages of Madhya Pradesh with the following objectives:
- To analyze the current demand and supply of energy in forest villages of Madhya Pradesh.
- To assess the various feasible sources of alternate energy
- To develop Institutional framework for implementation of Renewable Energy Technology (RET) for forest fringe villages.
Download Resourse : Summary & Project Report
Low Carbon Society Scenario – Bhopal 2035
Since cities are major contributors to GHG emissions, developing low carbon society (LCS) studies for Bhopal is of importance. In the present study, simulations for two possible scenarios – Business As Usual and Low Carbon Society in 2035 are developed and emission reduction potentials of various counter measures are quantified using the AIM/ExSS model. Action plan and policy measures are suggested for moving towards the LCS Bhopal 2035.
Let’s Beat Climate Change: A Guidebook with 25 Adaptation Methods
This report features adaptation methods that have been chosen by communities in Bundelkhand following a participatory campaign. Some of the methods include changing to drought-resistant crop varieties, using new agro-technologies, rain water harvesting and tapping alternative source of livelihoods. The adaptation methods proved to be extremely effective and brought about a behavioural change amongst the communities that led to change in the lives of the local communities.
India’s Progress in Combating Climate Change
India has been rapidly enhancing its climate change actions at the domestic level and the Government of India has taken several initiatives in terms of policies and programmes to explore and implement low carbon development strategies.
‘India’s Progress on Combating Climate Change’ captures a snapshot of the initiatives in the run up to COP-20, Peru. Under the National Action Plan on Climate Change and its eight national missions, focus has been on renewable energy, energy efficiency, clean technologies, public transport, resource efficiency, afforestation, tax incentives, and research and generation of strategic knowledge.
National Action Plan on Climate Change
The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) has been developed keeping in mind the UNFCCC objectives and a sustainable development path for the country. There are 8 national missions for implementation of the NAPCC:
- National Solar Missions,
- National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency,
- National Mission on Sustainable Habitat,
- National Water Mission
- National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
- National Mission for a Green India
- National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
- National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
Inclusive & Sustainable Growth for Madhya Pradesh - A Low Carbon Development Paradigm
The state governments in India have been advised by MoEF to formulate a State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in line with the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) accords high priority to issues relating to climate change, and following the line of these SAPCC, the present study highlights the concerns of low carbon development pathway for MP. This report describes the outcomes of the study carried out by Shakti Foundation, and aims to support policy makers in designing policies and strategies consistent with low carbon development in MP.
Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change - Sector Policy Brief: Renewable Energy
This document illustrates how a renewable energy CDM project generates energy from a village dairy through a systematic anaerobic treatment plant which captures, stores and utilises methane for electricity production. It contributes to climate change mitigation by reducing methane emissions through improved dairy waste management as well as providing an alternative to fossil fuel-based power sources.
Madhya Pradesh has a rich natural resource base with enormous possibilities for renewable energy generation, with its topographic and climatic conditions favouring development of wind and solar energy. The present policy brief addresses climate change concerns to limit environmental damage and promote sustainable development.
Though there is huge potential for further exploring wind, biomass, solar and small-scale hydroelectric sources of energy, renewable energy sources make up only 2.95 per cent of the total installed capacity of the State.
Indo-UK Collaborative Research Programme on the Impacts of Climate Change on India: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment for Madhya Pradesh
The Indo-UK collaborative research programme was undertaken by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Government of UK, to study climate change issues and devise measures to deal with their serious effects. The results of this study indicate that Madhya Pradesh is getting affected by climate change.
Aimed to prepare a climate change adaptation plan for the two agro-climatic regions of Madhya Pradesh and to integrate the adaptation plan with the existing programmes and schemes in the states, this report suggest that adaptation to climate change needs to be supported and catalyzed mainly within the agricultural system of Madhya Pradesh.
It emphasizes on enhancing water use efficiency to increase availability and accessibility to water; establishing knowledge platform for policy formulation and community empowerment; blending formal and informal science for enhanced delivery on ground; increasing access to appropriate technology for adaptation to climate change and providing weather-based crop insurance.
Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change - Sector Policy Brief: Energy Sector
Alive to the fact that energy drives economic growth, and fast-developing Madhya Pradesh suffers a shortage of electricity, the production and use of energy is the main focus of the Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC).
This policy brief on the energy sector portrays the government’s aim to promote the integration of appropriate adaptation and mitigation strategies into its development policies and programmes. It outlines the strategies to strengthen development planning and build a more climate-resilient State.
The document details how the SAPCC is strategising a two-pronged approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector: through efficient electricity generation and by increasing the proportion of renewable energy as part of the entirepower generated in the State.
The document also enumerates the challenges to develop a cross-sectoral approach to energy generation as it details that coal-based thermal power contributes 51.4 per cent of electricity generation capacity in Madhya Pradesh.