Madhya Pradesh receives an average annual rainfall of 1160 mm and is drained by ten large and small rainfed rivers which are major sources of water for the state. Groundwater also contributes to the state‘s water resources to a greater extent. The annual surface water and groundwater availability are 81.5 lakh ha meters and 35.53 BCM respectively. The rainfed nature of rivers of Madhya Pradesh has made them highly susceptible to the variations in the distribution and patterns of rainfall. Reduction in the stream run off will have adverse impacts on irrigation and hydro power projects besides reducing the availability of water for all the other purposes. The climate projections for Mahya Pradesh indicate increase in intensity of the rains, thus a conscious effort needs to be made to review the technical aspects of the water storing and distributing structures. Many of such structures are very old, hence special emphasis should be given on the storing capacity of these structures in order to avert any flood like situation. Groundwater is also in a critical condition across the State, most affected being the western parts. Though State Water Policy 2003 mentions that groundwater should be explored only for drinking purposes, lack of adherence is often observed. Lack of awareness among people, at large, about water as a precious commodity, leads to its wastage. Distribution loss that happens during municipal water supply is another issue which needs to be attended to. Water Pollution is another big concern for the state.
- Develop comprehensive water data base in public domain
- Accelerate surface water development activities in the state
- Promote recharge of groundwater with special focus on over exploited areas
- Plan for efficient water supply systems and management
- Encourage water management practices like water auditing, regulated exploration of groundwater, water recycling, etc
- Enhance basin level integrated water shed management
- Review of existing water storing structures in view of excess precipitation
- Restoration of traditional water storing structures as groundwater recharging structures
- Impetus to Climate Change relevant research and development
- Capacity building- institutional and personnel to integrate Climate Change concerns in planning
CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER RESOURCES
Increasing Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change through Developing Climate-Smart Villages in Selected Vulnerable Districts of Madhya Pradesh
This project considers key dimensions of sustainable rural development under climate change and variability through adoption of drought tolerant seeds of field and fodder,agro-forestry, establishment of fodder banks; water conservation techniques; nutrient and energy management technologies; provision of climate information and services; alternative energy; weather based agriculture practices and capacity building in climate change adaptation.
Let’s Beat Climate Change: A Guidebook with 25 Adaptation Methods
This report features adaptation methods that have been chosen by communities in Bundelkhand following a participatory campaign. Some of the methods include changing to drought-resistant crop varieties, using new agro-technologies, rain water harvesting and tapping alternative source of livelihoods. The adaptation methods proved to be extremely effective and brought about a behavioural change amongst the communities that led to change in the lives of the local communities.
State Level Training Workshop On Mainstreaming Climate Change in Sectoral Planning of Madhya Pradesh SECTOR-WATER
Under the DFID supported SPMG (Strengthening Performance Management in Governance) initiative, EPCO in association with Development Alternatives, organized a one day State Level Training Workshop on “Mainstreaming Climate Change Concerns in Water Sector of Madhya Pradesh” on 23rdApril, 2015. The objective of the training workshop was to build the capacities of government officials from state departments of water and groundwater resources. It highlighted the issues, concerns and strategies for mainstreaming climate change adaptation in water resource management of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Water as an issue was seen cross-sectoral and thus figured to have huge implications on agriculture, basic needs, forests, etc. Impacts of climate change on water are visible in changing rainfall patterns and ground water level. The discussions of this training largely explored the vulnerabilities of the state in terms of water resource management and addressed the issues of water scarcity. It looked into the potentials of ground water and surface water reservoirs in addressing water concerns and their potential impact on climate change. Expert trainers from renowned institutions such as IIT- Delhi, IIT-Madras, National Institute of Hydrology and Water and Land Management Institute-Bhopal delivered the training sessions.
Adaptation strategies for mitigating climate change risk in water management were also illustrated along with a review of SAPCC with a vision to make SAPCC more comprehensive. The participants were also trained to understand the future status of state water resources in changing climate scenarios. They were then advised to come up with development and adaptation plans on the basis of changing local priorities within the state.
National Action Plan on Climate Change
The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) has been developed keeping in mind the UNFCCC objectives and a sustainable development path for the country. There are 8 national missions for implementation of the NAPCC:
- National Solar Missions,
- National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency,
- National Mission on Sustainable Habitat,
- National Water Mission
- National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
- National Mission for a Green India
- National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
- National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
International Conference on Lakes and Wetlands was organised by the Climate Change Cell of EPCO in Bhopal Madhya Pradesh, on the 14 to 16 February 2014. Below are the details about the workshop
International Conference on Lakes and Wetlands was organised by the Climate Change Cell of EPCO in Bhopal Madhya Pradesh, on the 14 to 16 February 2014. Many scientists, policy makers, people’s representatives, resource managers and catchment stakeholders were invited to the conference. The interactions among this diverse audience have resulted in a wider discussion, with the goal to connect upstream perspective with downstream approach to solve the issues related to lakes and wetlands catchment. The objectives of this conference was to bring together experts associated with wetland and lake conservation and their habitats, with the underlying goal of establishing a basis for developing multidisciplinary solutions to multidisciplinary issues.
Proceedings of Workshop on “Water sector and Climate Change Issues”
The State Knowledge Management Centre on Climate Change (SKMCCC) organised a workshop on “Water Sector and Climate Change Issues” at the Narmada Conference Hall, EPCO on 21st June, 2014. As a process towards ensuring the implementation of State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC), the SKMCCC has constituted climate change working groups (CCWGs) within departments on direction from the State Steering Committee on Climate Change headed by Chief Secretary.
The half day workshop was convened with an objective to apprise the CCWG of water resources department about the SKMCCC and expectations from the CCWG. The opportunity was utilised to share the support that SKMCCC can offer to the CCWG.
Proceedings of "International Conference on Lakes & Wetlands."
The International Conference on Lakes & Wetlands under the Bhopal Lake Festival was organized by State Knowledge Management Centre on Climate Change (SKMCCC), Environmental Planning and Coordination Organization (EPCO), Department of Housing & Environment, Government of Madhya Pradesh at Hotel Lake View Ashoka, Shyamla Hills, Bhopal between 14th-16th February, 2014.
Chief Guest Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Hon‟ble Chief Minister, Government of Madhya Pradesh inaugurated the two day conference; Shri Kailash Vijayvargiya, Hon‟ble Minister, Department of Housing & Environment and Urban Administration & Development, Government of Madhya Pradesh presided over the function. Special Guest Shri Anthony de Sa, Chief Secretary, Government of Madhya Pradesh and other dignitaries were also present on the dais.
Experts from across the country and outside were invited to present and discuss on the various thematic aspects of Lakes & Wetlands. The structure of the conference was distributed into six thematic sessions. 25 expert speakers from India as well as other countries attended the conference and presented their papers in the thematic sessions.
The major suggestions that emerged from the two day intense deliberations during the conference were to connect people with conservation efforts, take up pilot projects to showcase best practices and new technologies, and promote Lake Basin Management Practices and above all, build capacities of stakeholders. Organizing similar conferences and events every year was another suggestion highlighted during the conference.
Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change - Sector Policy Brief: Water Resources
This policy brief document stresses on the urgency for understanding the implications of climate change on the State’s water resources and to develop and introduce strategies to improve water use efficiency and infrastructure.
Groundwater in Madhya Pradesh is an important resource which is overexploited due to lack of alternatives and awareness. The policy brief focuses on developing storage networks to save water and make people self-reliant.
Analysis of observed rainfall data in Madhya Pradesh over the past 50 years indicates falling annual rainfall totals. Simultaneously, the incidence of heavy precipitation events that lead to rapid run -off, is increasing. Both the trends adversely affect the rate of groundwater recharge. Since groundwater provides two-thirds of the water used for irrigation and 95 per cent of drinking water, groundwater depletion is a major cause for concern.
Indo-UK Collaborative Research Programme on the Impacts of Climate Change on India: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment for Madhya Pradesh
The Indo-UK collaborative research programme was undertaken by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Government of UK, to study climate change issues and devise measures to deal with their serious effects. The results of this study indicate that Madhya Pradesh is getting affected by climate change.
Aimed to prepare a climate change adaptation plan for the two agro-climatic regions of Madhya Pradesh and to integrate the adaptation plan with the existing programmes and schemes in the states, this report suggest that adaptation to climate change needs to be supported and catalyzed mainly within the agricultural system of Madhya Pradesh.
It emphasizes on enhancing water use efficiency to increase availability and accessibility to water; establishing knowledge platform for policy formulation and community empowerment; blending formal and informal science for enhanced delivery on ground; increasing access to appropriate technology for adaptation to climate change and providing weather-based crop insurance.