Project Report- Assessment of Energy Status and Opportunities for the Use of Renewable Energy in Forest Villages of Madhya Pradesh: Enabling a Paradigm Shift in Carbon Balance
Access to energy is an essential constituent for overall social and economic development. Globally, 1.3 billion people are without any access to electricity and 2.6 billion people are without clean cooking facilities and majority of them reside in developing countries. In a developing country like India, about 68.8% of its total population resides in rural areas. As per census 2011, out of the total rural households in the country, 62.5% depend on fuel wood for cooking followed by crop reside (12.3%) and LPG (11.4%). For lighting, 55.3% of households in rural areas have access to electricity followed by Kerosene (43.2%). Consumption of traditional biomass for daily fuel needs is detrimental to health and safety especially for women and children who cook and collect the traditional fuels. Moreover, extensive use of fossil fuels leads to forest degradation, increased green house gas emissions resulting in climate change
In this regard, renewable energy is preferred to limit forest degradation and climate change, to contribute in social and economic development, to increase energy access, to secure energy supply and reduce negative impacts on the environment and health. Thus in this background a study was carried out in the forest villages of Madhya Pradesh with the following objectives:
- To analyze the current demand and supply of energy in forest villages of Madhya Pradesh.
- To assess the various feasible sources of alternate energy
- To develop Institutional framework for implementation of Renewable Energy Technology (RET) for forest fringe villages.
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Project Report - Indigenous Knowledge in Practice Confirmation of Climate Change and its effects through Practitioners’ Knowledge related to Agriculture
Crop cultivation in India is primarily based on the traditional knowledge that is
passed on from generation to generations. The traditional knowledge systems are
based on wisdom, experience, often tested over a long period, adapted to local culture
and environment. Sometimes these are hard to accept for the scientific communities. In
the race of commercialization of agriculture and modern crop cultivation practices, the
age-old traditional practices of crop cultivation gradually lost the significance. Thus, the
documentation of adaptation measures based on traditional practices for crop cultivation
is need of the hour. Globally, there is wide recognition that climate change adaptation
should be integrated with national development to enable coherence and synergy with
the sustainable development of a country. Hence, it is imperative to document the
indigenous knowledge of crop cultivation and establish a correlation that the climate
change has its effect on shifting / deviation of agricultural activities. A research project
was executed at IIFM in five districts of Madhya Pradesh with DST grant through State
Knowledge Management Centre on Climate Change (SKMCCC), Environmental
Planning & Coordination Organization (EPCO), Bhopal. The study attempted to
document the peoples’ practical knowledge and developed language for communication
to make them understand the climate change is influencing agricultural activities and
suggested a long-term strategy based on traditional knowledge for attaining stability in
Based on the study simple but robust observations for crop cultivation were
documented which could be further investigated at the agricultural universities; research
stations and Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs) so that a firm scientific base could be built
based on the traditional practices in addition to adaptation of modern technologies of
The outcome of the study, once disseminated, helps the farmers to better
understand the climate change and the strategies required at their level to tackle the
climate change consequences...
Climate Change in Madhya Pradesh Indicators and Impacts
Climate variability and climate change pose an enormous pressure on population, infrastructure,livelihood, and socio-economic conditions. Evidences of climate change are already visible onmany sectors such as agriculture, water resources, infrastructure, ecology, and biodiversity. While the problem of climate change is at global scales, its detrimental impacts are often visible at local scales, which highlight the need of climate change impacts assessment and policy making at a local administrative levels. Using the observed and projected data for the future climate, climate change assessment was performed for the state of Madhya Pradesh. Results indicate that a majority of the state of MP experienced a significant decline in the monsoon season precipitation during the period of 1951-2013. Air temperature increased significantly in the post-monsoon (October- December) season. Results also indicated that the frequency of severe, extreme, and exceptional droughts has increased in Madhya Pradesh...
Low Carbon Society Scenario – Bhopal 2035
Since cities are major contributors to GHG emissions, developing low carbon society (LCS) studies for Bhopal is of importance. In the present study, simulations for two possible scenarios – Business As Usual and Low Carbon Society in 2035 are developed and emission reduction potentials of various counter measures are quantified using the AIM/ExSS model. Action plan and policy measures are suggested for moving towards the LCS Bhopal 2035.
Monsoon Action Plan – 2015 : Village Level Contingency Plans for Climate Resilient Agriculture
The Technology Demonstration Component of NICRA, implemented by 121 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), addresses climate vulnerabilities in identified 50 drought-prone target districts spread across 17 States. The KVK/Districts identified in Madhya Pradesh are:
The monsoon action plan essentially deals with village level contingency measures in field crops to tackle likely scenarios of delay in onset of monsoon and deficit rainfall situations. The contingency plan for the normal crops in the village entails demonstration of short duration varieties of the main crop in case of delay in planting, and demonstration of alternate crop in case of delay beyond cutoff sowing date for e.g., 15th July or later. Also, to cope with deficit rainfall conditions, demonstration of several drought proofing contingency measures related to crop, soil moisture, nutrient and water management are included in the plans.
Climate Resilient Development in Bundelkhand Region of MP: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment
This report analyses the climate change vulnerabilities in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. It uses the IPCC framework and community based vulnerability assessment approach to identify climate change sensitivities in the region. It also describes the adaptation interventions for minimising climate risks in the semi-arid region.
International REDD+ architecture and its relevance for India
REDD+ as a concept came from COP-11 and is central to discussions under UNFCCC. India has played an important role in REDD+ negotiations and has been instrumental in shaping the REDD+ mechanism. At a national level, India has a robust policy and legal framework in the form of several acts that implement REDD+ activities. Key issues and priorities are forest degradation, capacity building, state and centre dialogue, piloting in each state etc. India is favourably placed to gain access to both financial and technical resources under the provisions of UNFCCC.
Inclusive & Sustainable Growth for Madhya Pradesh - A Low Carbon Development Paradigm
The state governments in India have been advised by MoEF to formulate a State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in line with the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP) accords high priority to issues relating to climate change, and following the line of these SAPCC, the present study highlights the concerns of low carbon development pathway for MP. This report describes the outcomes of the study carried out by Shakti Foundation, and aims to support policy makers in designing policies and strategies consistent with low carbon development in MP.
Indo-UK Collaborative Research Programme on the Impacts of Climate Change on India: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment for Madhya Pradesh
The Indo-UK collaborative research programme was undertaken by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Government of UK, to study climate change issues and devise measures to deal with their serious effects. The results of this study indicate that Madhya Pradesh is getting affected by climate change.
Aimed to prepare a climate change adaptation plan for the two agro-climatic regions of Madhya Pradesh and to integrate the adaptation plan with the existing programmes and schemes in the states, this report suggest that adaptation to climate change needs to be supported and catalyzed mainly within the agricultural system of Madhya Pradesh.
It emphasizes on enhancing water use efficiency to increase availability and accessibility to water; establishing knowledge platform for policy formulation and community empowerment; blending formal and informal science for enhanced delivery on ground; increasing access to appropriate technology for adaptation to climate change and providing weather-based crop insurance.
Eco-restoration and Institution Strengthening
The eco-restoration and institution strengthening project has been implemented in the Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh jointly by Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas of India (CCA RAI) and the Foundation for Ecological Security (FES).
This document details how the project has addressed livelihoods of indigenous communities in Mandla, whose dependence on small-scale farming, fishing and forest produce has been impacted by recent changes in rainfall and temperature and its influence on biodiversity. The stress has been compounded by low literacy levels and limited assets retarding the adaptive capacities of the local population.
This project aims to restore the ecology of degraded forested landscapes by improving the biodiversity of these landscapes, reducing soil erosion, and strengthening the collective efforts of village institutions and thus providing a greater variety of choices of livelihood, leading to food security. Despite the challenge posed by increasing climate variability, the project has also aimed to improve gains from agriculture.
Climate-Proofing Fish Farming
Farmers have also been affected by changes in rainfall patterns as well as rising temperatures and low recharge of ground water is being addressed through digging of ponds as part of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).
The ‘Climate-Proofing Fish Farming’ project showcases the process of climate proofing through an assessment to find out if ponds constructed under the Meenakshi sub scheme of MGNREGS are technically sound, and whether institutional arrangements are appropriate for dealing with the additional challenges posed by the impacts of climate change. As part of the Meenakshi sub-scheme, farmers construct small ponds or hatcheries for fish farming on sections of their land.
The project is being implemented in the Gandhwani block of Dhar district in the state of Madhya Pradesh jointly by Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas of India (CCA RAI) and the Foundation for Ecological Security (FES).
Briefing Note on the Climate Science of Madhya Pradesh
The Climate Science of Madhya Pradesh is a part of Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC), which is a joint initiative of the Climate Change Cell, Environmental Planning & Coordination Organisation (EPCO) and Housing & Environment Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh.
The Climate Science briefing note not only States that climate change is taking place, but also adds that its cause is mostly down to human activity. The note also provides responses to the challenges that will ensue. Global and regional climate models, project the likely scenarios for the coming decades and century. They are an essential tool for governments to use in climate change vulnerability assessments and inform targeted mitigation and adaptation strategies.
The note outlines the strategies required to strengthen development planning and build a more climate-resilient State. It aims to promote the integration of appropriate adaptation/mitigation strategies into the State’s development policies and programmes. It is based on secondary data and promotes ‘no regret’ measures.
The document is an output of a project funded by UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands for the benefit of developing countries.