Agriculture & Horticulture

About 70% of the rural population of Madhya Pradesh is engaged in agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry, fisheries and dairy development. This sector contributes about 30% to the State Net Domestic Product. Out of the total number of holdings, 65% holdings belong to small and marginal farmers occupying only 26% of cultivable land. Horticultural crops occupy nearly 3.25% of the total cropped area of the state. Agriculture has a two way relationship with Climate Change. One, where the activities related to agriculture add Green House Gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere and other where climatic variations impact the agriculture sector tremendously. Burning of agricultural residues in fields and excessive use of energy intensive water pumps lead to emissions while traditional method of paddy cultivation may result in methane emissions adding to Green House Gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. Extreme events like frost, excess rain, and high temperatures have resulted in huge losses in productivity. Shifting of rainfall pattern seems to have affected the cropping patterns. Mono-cropping reduces the crop diversity and adversely affects the soil health. The horticultural crops are also sensitive towards changing climate. Availability of water is a major constraint for horticultural crops, particularly in drought like situations. Storms and hail storms induce damages in horticultural crops during flowering and fruit bearing stage. Rise in temperature can lead to pest emergence earlier, which may make plants tender towards the insect attacks. Series of new diseases have also been observed in fruit plants due to change in climatic parameters. Heavy rains also impose physical damage on trees and fruit plants.

Key strategies:

  • Promote soil and water conservation technologies
  • Promote dry land agriculture and horticulture
  • Plan for cropping systems suitable for each agro-climatic zone
  • Introduce policies for managing climate risks for a sustainable productivity
  • Enhancing dissemination of new and appropriate technologies and strengthening research
  • Creation of agriculture information management including information on climate forecast
  • Additional impetus to mechanization and accessibility to markets
  • Creation of rural business hubs for diversification of livelihoods
  • Capacity building of communities on sustainable harvesting, water management, use of fertilisers, sustainable agri-residue management etc
  • Promotion to Climate Change relevant research and development
  • Capacity building to integrate Climate Change concerns

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