Forestry

Madhya Pradesh, with 31% of geographical area as forest land, is rich in floral and faunal biodiversity. These forests host 9 National Parks, 25 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 2 Biosphere Reserves, 5 Tiger Reserves and also house a substantial number of villages which are highly dependent on forests for livelihoods. It is predicted that changing climate may affect the composition and distribution of types of forests of Madhya Pradesh. These changes may also alter the productivity of NTFPs/ fodder/ fuel wood etc which are the basic sources of livelihood for forest dependent communities. Shifts in habitat and search for favourable weather would induce migration of wild animals and may subsequently increase the incidences of man-wild conflicts. In terms of phyto bio-diversity, many Alien Invasive Species may expand their spread threatening the existence of indigenous species. Longer dry spells in forested areas may trigger frequent and intense incidences of forest fires. Increasing temperatures and consequent dry spells may increase desertification in western Madhya Pradesh which may, in turn, result in bio-diversity losses and affect economy of the area. Uncontrolled grazing, illegal felling and unsustainable practices of fuel wood collection were mentioned as some of the primary human induced reasons for forest degradation.

Key Strategies:

  • Develop Forest Management (Working) Plans based on the different forest types in view of Climate Change
  • Enhance forest conservation, Afforestation (with special emphasis on Compensatory Afforestation) and Reforestation activities through viable models
  • Prioritise soil and water conservation measures as part of SFM practices
  • Reduce over-dependence on forests for energy by alternate energy sources
  • Strengthen forest fire management mechanism throughout the year
  • Create corridors for species migration
  • Support and develop market linkages for forest based livelihood opportunities
  • Impetus to Climate Change relevant research and development
  • Study on impacts of Climate Change on MP forests
  • Create awareness about Climate Change impacts on MP’s forest types

Related Resources

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