Health

According to the United Nations Industrial Development  Organisation (UNIDO), Climate Change is likely to have a greater impact on India compared to other countries similarly positioned, on account of the unique combination of its geography, diverse population characteristics and extremely high carbon-based energy dependence. Madhya Pradesh is among the 6 states in India which contributes to 65% of malarial incidences. 30 districts of Madhya Pradesh are amongst top 100 districts which have very high Infant Mortality Ratio. The already alarming situation of declining health of the state‘s population is likely to be aggravated by the changing climatic conditions. The Health Department is already undertaking mapping of diseases in the state. Integrated Diseases Surveillance Programme (IDSP) is being implemented by the department to address health concerns. Under malaria prevention programmes run by the state, monovalent rapid diagnostic kits are promoted in the remote villages which can diagnose only P. falciparum infections. Bivalent kits are also available but their application is limited for lack of trained medical professionals in these villages. Besides the vector borne diseases that could expand its occurrences, other infections that are related to varying temperature and humidity indices are also imminent threats to human health. Cases of multiple drug resistant diseases are increasing in view of loss of drug potency due to its storage under non-appropriate conditions. On time availability of drugs poses challenge. Increased heat & cold waves affect the already vulnerable sections of the society. With increasing pollution, respiratory diseases and allergies will be aggravated. 

Key Strategies:

  • Develop disease profile of communities
  • Development of weather based early warning systems
  • Up scaling of disaster management preparedness to check epidemic outbreaks
  • Early case detection and quick control with focus on areas where coverage is low or has not reached
  • Strengthening supportive systems for environment management
  • Public awareness on Health and Climate Change
  • Strengthening supply chain management and developing robust infrastructure for drugs storage
  • Stringent laws to implement bio-medical waste management rules
  • Impetus to Climate Change relevant research and development
  • Capacity building of health personnel and institutions to integrate Climate Change concerns in planning and actions.

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