Urban Development & Transport

Madhya Pradesh has a large and growing urban population. Urbanisation in Madhya Pradesh is expected to intensify over the coming decades. The urban population is expected to have 34% share of the state‘s population by the year 2026. In the national scenario, transportation accounts for 8% of the Green House Gases (GHGs) emissions in which road transport accounts for 94.5%. There is about 74,000 Km road network across the state in the form of national highways, state highways, district roads and village roads. The number of registered vehicles per thousand population of Madhya Pradesh is 80 as compared to the national level of 68, reflecting over dependency on privately owned vehicles in the absence of sufficient and efficient public transportation system. Urban areas, residential as well as commercial, consume a large share of power being generated in the state. With the growing size of cities, management of waste has become a major challenge. There is tremendous scope of improvement in the present practice of solid waste management. Loss of urban green cover is enhancing the effects of increasing urban temperatures and is leading to the generation of Urban Heat Islands. Climate Change poses a threat of increased incidences of urban malaria, dengue etc as cities provide ideal breeding sites for these vectors sometimes in terms of unhealthy sanitation in the urban slums, accumulated sewage water, or at times, by providing micro environments through air conditioners and air coolers. The number of registered vehicles per thousand population of Madhya Pradesh is more than the national average. Road transport in Madhya Pradesh is highly fuel inefficient. Local conveyances for mass transportation are not up to the mark. There is over-dependence on privately owned vehicles. 

Key strategies:

  • Ensure energy efficiency in residential and commercial sectors
  • Develop Urban Storm Water Management Mechanism
  • Efficient solid waste and waste water management
  • Sustainable urban transport and enhanced rail connectivity
  • Regulated and planned urban expansion
  • Efficient urban water supply system
  • Monitored and regulated groundwater exploration
  • Promote sustainable infrastructure and wise water practices
  • Public awareness about Climate Change induced health risks
  • Need for Climate Change relevant research and development
  • Capacity building to integrate Climate Change concerns in city planning

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