Water

Madhya Pradesh receives an average annual rainfall of 1160 mm and is drained by ten large and small rainfed rivers which are major sources of water for the state. Groundwater also contributes to the state‘s water resources to a greater extent. The annual surface water and groundwater availability are 81.5 lakh ha meters and 35.53 BCM respectively. The rainfed nature of rivers of Madhya Pradesh has made them highly susceptible to the variations in the distribution and patterns of rainfall. Reduction in the stream run off will have adverse impacts on irrigation and hydro power projects besides reducing the availability of water for all the other purposes. The climate projections for Mahya Pradesh indicate increase in intensity of the rains, thus a conscious effort needs to be made to review the technical aspects of the water storing and distributing structures. Many of such structures are very old, hence special emphasis should be given on the storing capacity of these structures in order to avert any flood like situation. Groundwater is also in a critical condition across the State, most affected being the western parts. Though State Water Policy 2003 mentions that groundwater should be explored only for drinking purposes, lack of adherence is often observed. Lack of awareness among people, at large, about water as a precious commodity, leads to its wastage. Distribution loss that happens during municipal water supply is another issue which needs to be attended to. Water Pollution is another big concern for the state.   

Key Strategies:

  • Develop comprehensive water data base in public domain
  • Accelerate surface water development activities in the state
  • Promote recharge of groundwater with special focus on over exploited areas
  • Plan for efficient water supply systems and management
  • Encourage water management practices like water auditing, regulated exploration of groundwater, water recycling, etc
  • Enhance basin level integrated water shed management
  • Review of existing water storing structures in view of excess precipitation
  • Restoration of traditional water storing structures as groundwater recharging structures
  • Impetus to Climate Change relevant research and development
  • Capacity building- institutional and personnel to integrate Climate Change concerns in planning

Related Resources

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International Conference on Lakes and Wetlands was organised by the Climate Change Cell of EPCO in Bhopal Madhya Pradesh, on the 14 to 16 February 2014. Below are the details about the workshop

International Conference on Lakes and Wetlands was organised by the Climate Change Cell of EPCO in Bhopal Madhya Pradesh, on the 14 to 16 February 2014. Many scientists, policy makers, people’s representatives, resource managers and catchment stakeholders were invited to the conference.

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Proceedings of Workshop on “Water sector and Climate Change Issues”

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  • June 22, 2014
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Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change - Sector Policy Brief: Water Resources

This policy brief document stresses on the urgency for understanding the implications of climate change on the State’s water resources and to develop and introduce strategies to improve water use efficiency and infrastructure.

  • May 28, 2014
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Indo-UK Collaborative Research Programme on the Impacts of Climate Change on India: Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment for Madhya Pradesh

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The Indo-UK collaborative research programme was undertaken by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India, and the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Government of UK, to study climate change issues and devise measures to deal with their serious effects.

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Proceedings of "International Conference on Lakes & Wetlands."

The International Conference on Lakes & Wetlands under the Bhopal Lake Festival was organized by State Knowledge Management Centre on Climate Change (SKMCCC), Environmental Planning and Coordination Organization (EPCO), Department of Housing & Environment, Government of Madhya Pradesh at

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